all the chardham pilgrimage sites, Kedarnath has the remotest location, a 2-day journey from Gangotri in Uttarakhand. The sanctity of the site also lies in the fact that it is one of the twelve jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva, a powerful deity of the Hindu Trinity. The temple town of Kedarnath is snuggled up at an altitude of 3,584 m above sea level. Picturesque mountain ranges and snow-laden peaks wonderfully circle the pilgrimage town of Kedarnath. The shrine of Kedarnath is at the source of the Mandakini River, near the Indo-Chinese border. The ideal time to visit Kedarnath is anytime between the months of May and October.
Altitude: 3,584 mts
Climate: Summer: Cool during the day and cold at night.
Winter: Snow-bound touching sub-zero.
Clothing: Summer-Light woollens, Winter- Heavy woollens.
Languages: Hindi, Garhwali, English.
How to Reach
Air: Nearest Airport is Jolly Grant, 251 kms Dehradun.
Rail: Nearest railhead is Rsihikesh 234 kms, Haridwar 254 kms.
Road: Road Approachable on foot form Gaurikund, which is connected by stations of Garhwal and Kumaon region. Kedarnath is near to Rishikesh 234 kms. and Dehradun 250 kms.
Panch (Five) Kedar
There are Five Kedars in all including Kedarnath. The origin of the Panch Kedars has an interesting legend associated with it. Hindu mythology states that when the Pandavas wanted to perform penance in the wake of the great battle of Mahabharat, they came here looking for Lord Shiva. Seeing that Shiva has taken up the form of bull, Bhim followed Shiva but all he could get hold of was his tail. Sihiva emerged, with the remaining parts of his body, at the four other kedars.
It is the first of all the Kedars. It was at Kedarnath that Bhim, the most powerful of all the Panadava brothers, grabbed hold of Shiva’s tail, after the latter transformed himself into a bull, known as Nandi in the Hindu mythology.
Madhyamaheshvra (or Madhyamaheshwar)
Lord Shiva’s navel appeared at this place. Madhyamaheshwara (one of the Panch Kedars) can be reached by covering a distance of 30 km from Guptkashi. Around 6 km of the route is motorable while the rest 24 km can be covered by trekking. While you travel here, do remember to visit the Shiva Temple, located at 3,490 m above sea level.
It is the site of the Tunganath Temple. According to the legend, Lord Shiva’s arms appeared at Tunganath after he dived into the ground at Kedarnath. The temple stands at a height of 3,680 m above sea level. This Kedar also happens to be the most elevated of all the Five Kedars or Panch Kedars.
It is the Kedar where emerged the face of Lord Shiva. To commemorate the legend, Lord Shiva’s face is worshipped at the Rudranath Temple. If you are reaching Rudranath from Gopeshwar, you need to cover 5 km by a private vehicle and the rest 18 km by trekking. Rudranath feature many sacred tanks or kunds and also affords absorbing views of the surrounding peaks. The Rudranath temple is at an elevation of 2,286 m above sea level.
The place is dedicated to Lord Shiva’s hair. The name Kalpeshwar has been derived from ‘kalpvriksh’ tree. Sage Durvasa is also believed to have meditated under the Kalpvriksh tree here. The Kalpeshwar temple lies at an altitude of 2,134 m above sea level on the banks of River Kalpeshwar. The Badrinath Kedarnath Mandir Samiti looks after this temple.
At Yamunotri & Gangotri, the pilgrims are cleansed body & soul and with having achieved purity in that sense, pilgrims to Sri Kedarnath becomes most rewarding. It is also customary to worship Lord Shiva with water of Ganga, which pilgrims going from Gangotri as well take some there to Kedarnath. Kedarnath is the seat of Lord Shiva. It is one of the twelve “Jyotirlingas” of Lord Shiva. Lying at an altitude of 3584 m at the head of river Mandakini, the shrine of Kedarnath is amongst the holiest pilgrimage for the Hindus. It is no wonder that Adi Guru Shankaracharya – a great scholar & saint, chose to enshrine Lord Shiva in this land, where the unholy becomes oly and the holy becomes holier. It is the place where Lord Shiva absolved Pandavas from the sin of killing their own cousins Kauravas in the battle of Kurukshetra. The origin of the revered temple can be found in the great epic Mahabharat.
At Kedarnath there are several Kunds (pools, tanks) that are known for their religious significans – shivkund, Retkund, hanskund, Udakkund, Rudhirkund are the most important. A little away from Kedarnath is a temple dedicated to Bhaironathji who is ceremoniously worshipped at the opening & closing of Kedarnath. The belief is that Bhairavnathji protects this land from evil during the time when temple of Kedarnath is closed.
During the winters, the shrine is submerged in snow & hence is closed. Fortunate are those who have good weather, but twice blessed are those who are at Kedarnath on a moonlit night- the snow peak gleams like hundred silver pinnacles atop the glittering mountains.
The holiest of Shiva’s shrines is linked to Gold among base metals so that every pilgrims finds peace here, and it is said that devotees who die here become one with Shiva himself. Beyond the temple is the highway to heaven, called Mahapanth. According to legend, the place came into being during the period when the five Pandavas brothers were asked to seek Shiva’s blessings purging them of the sin of killing their cousins. Lord Shiva unwilling to give darshans to the Pandavas frled Kashi to live incognito in Guptkashi, where eventually he was detected by the Pandavas. While fleeing Shiva took refuge at Kedarnath in the form of a bull and started to plunge underground when he was spotted by the Pandavas. He dived into the ground, leaving behind his hump on the surface. No wonder the natural rock formation that is worshipped here resembles the hump of a bull. Thus Shiva pleased with the determination of the Pandavas, exonerated them from their sin, gave them darshan & bestowed upon them the opportunity to worship his hump.
The other four places where Shiva is worshipped take their appearance from different parts of his body -the naval at Madmaheshwar, the arms at Tungnath, the face at Rudranath, and the matted hair at Kalpeshwar. The latter four along with Kedarnath are known as the Panch Kedars.
SIGHT SEEING & EXCURSION
: An imposing sight, standing in the middle of a wide plateau surrounded by lofty snow covered peaks. The present temple, built in 8th century A.D. by Adi Shankaracharya, stands adjacent to the site of an earlier temple built by the Pandavas. The inner walls of the assembly hall are decorated with figures of various deities and scenes from mythology. Outside the temple door a large statue of the Nandi Bull stands as guard.
Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the exquisitely architecture Kedarnath temple is considered to be more than 1000 years old. Built of extremely large, heavy and evenly cut gray slabs of stones, it evokes wonder as to how these heavy slabs had been handled in the earlier days. The temple has a “Garbha Griha” for worship and a Mandap, apt for assemblies of pilgrims and visitors. A conical rock formation inside the temple is worshipped as Lord Shiva in his Sadashiva form.
: The Samadhi of Adi Guru Shankaracharya is located just behind the Kedarnath temple. It is said that after establishing four sacred Dhams in India, he went into his samadhi at an early age of 32 years.
Chorabari (Gandhi Sarovar)
: Only 1 km trek away from Kedarnath. Floating-ice on the crystal clear waters of the lake fascinates the visitors.
: It is the base for a trek to Kedarnath and serves as a roadhead. The village has a temple dedicated to Gauri and hot water springs.
: According to legend, this was the place where the wedding of Lord Shiva and Parvati was solemnized. In front of the Shiva Temple is an eternal flame, which is said to be a witness to the marriage. It can be reached by a 12 km drive from Sonprayag.
: Winter home of the deity at Kedarnath temple and the seat of the Rawal of Kedarnath. Connected by bus services to Rudraprayag and other major centres.
: The temple of sage Agastya is the main attraction here.
: One of Panch Kedar, the temple of Madhmaheshwar is located at an altitude of 3,289 mt above sea-level, on the slope of a ridge, 25 km north-east of Guptkashi. There is a motorable road from Guptkashi to Kalimath. The best statue of Har Gauri in India measuring over a meter high is found in the Kali temple. The trek from Kalimath to Madhmaheshwar is distinguished by wild unparalleled scenic beauty and engulfed by Chaukhamba, Kedarnath and Neelkanth peaks. Gaundar at the confluence of Madmeshwar Ganga and Markanga Ganga, is the last settlement before one reaches Madhmaheshwar, the place where Lord Shiva is worshipped in the form of belly.
: The arms of Lord Shiva came out as per the Kedarnath myth at Tungnath. He is worshipped here as one of the Panch Kedar. Tungnath Temple at an altitude of 3,680 mt, is the highest Shiva shrine among the Panch Kedar but the easiest to reach from Chopta, the nearest roadhead.